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Common Types of Depression

Are you wondering what causes depression? While most doctors aren’t sure as to its origin, many experts believe that it is triggered by chemical imbalance as well as altered structure of the brain. According to them, the circuits that normally work in a normal person’s brain may not be functioning efficiently in a depressed mind, causing this mental health condition.

While stress triggers depression (as when one loses a family member or close friend), one must have to be prone to developing this condition. Other well-accepted causes of depression include drugs, substance abuse, alcohol and hormonal fluctuations. Here are the common types of depression:

Seasonal Depression

Have you ever found yourself inexplicably sad during the winter but perk up right after the first signs of summer have emerged? This is called seasonal depression; some call it SAD, or seasonal affective disorder. In many cases, SAD starts during late fall and pushes through winter, when daylight gets shorter. But by the first glimpse of summer when it’s sunny, the mood seems to get uplifted.

Postpartum Depression

Commonly known as the baby blues, postpartum depression affects three out of four new moms. This type of depression shares the same set of symptoms as major depression. A common indicator for the baby blues is being in an intense dark mood after giving birth.

Depression Affecting Kids

Did you know this mental health condition affects around two percent of school-age children in the U.S.? In addition, one in ten teens are struggling with depression. A common telltale sign is the child’s inability to enjoy the company of friends or finish school assignments. While the symptoms are the same as depression in adults, depression in children is difficult to diagnose.

Diagnosis and Treatment

There is no definite way to accurately diagnose this condition. For now, doctors have to rely on how the patient describes his or her symptoms. For this reason, the patient will be asked about his or her medical history or medications taken, which may be evaluated if it has contributed to the mental condition.

Treatment for depression ranges from talk therapy to medication. Exercise has also been a widely resorted to technique to alleviate the symptoms of depression. Social support and having pets around also greatly contribute to improving the mental state of the patient.

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