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Welcome to the comprehensive medical library of Joseph N. O’Donnell. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

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Tubal Sterilization¿Qu© es la esterilizaci³n tub¡rica?

Tubal Sterilization

Tubal sterilization is one of the most effective forms of birth control. It can prevent pregnancy by blocking the egg from being fertilized by sperm. Tubal sterilization is a surgery that can be an outpatient procedure or done after childbirth.

Making the Decision

If you have a tubal sterilization, you most likely will never get pregnant again. Be sure that's what you want. Talk it over with your health care provider and with your partner. Surgery to undo tubal sterilization is complicated, costly, and not always successful.  So think of tubal sterilization as a lifelong birth control choice.

Your Surgical Options

Your doctor will choose the best way to block your fallopian tubes.

Fallopian tube
Cauterization uses electrical current to burn and block each tube. The tubes may also be cut.

Fallopian tube
A ring or band cinches each tube so the egg and sperm can't meet.

Fallopian tube
A clip clamps on each tube, closing it.

Fallopian tube
Ligation ties off a portion of each tube to block it. The tied off part is cut and removed.

Image of abdomen
Possible laparoscopy incision sites

Image of abdomen
Minilaparotomy incision sites


This surgery is done as an outpatient procedure A tiny incision is made near your navel. Your doctor inserts a lighted viewing tube (laparoscope) to see your fallopian tubes. With surgical instruments inserted through the laparoscope or other tiny incisions, your doctor blocks your fallopian tubes. Then the incisions are closed with sutures or staples.



This surgery is often done right after having a baby. A small incision is made near your navel or at your pubic hairline. Your doctor then blocks your fallopian tubes. The incision is closed with sutures or staples. After a cesarean delivery, minilaparotomy can be done through the incision already made.



Date Last Reviewed: 2007-01-15T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2000-10-01T00:00:00-06:00

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